Quick look at the evolution of Ethereum scaling solutions: OP Stack, Arbitrum Orbit, Polygon 2.0…

Ethereum scaling solutions have evolved through OP Stack, Arbitrum Orbit, and Polygon 2.0.

It is expected that the future expansion of Ethereum will revolve around L3, SuperChain, and Hyperchain. Cryptocurrency researcher Stacy Muur has written an analysis of the evolution of the next wave of Rollup chains, such as OP Stack and Arbitrum Orbit.

1) Optimism and OP Stack: OP Stack provides different modules that can be easily customized to meet specific project requirements. In this way, the future potential of SuperChain can be unleashed. In early June, Optimism announced the migration of its Flagship L2 Rollup to Bedrock, which represents the first official release of OP Stack. After the Bedrock upgrade, Optimism’s next step is to transition to SuperChain, a decentralized network consisting of L2s that can share security, communication layers, and open-source technology stacks.

2) Arbitrum Orbit: This development framework allows for the creation and deployment of L3s on the Arbitrum mainnet, designed to be compatible with the upcoming Arbitrum Stylus upgrade. This compatibility provides the possibility for developers to build applications using C, C++, and Rust, expanding Arbitrum’s universality and scope.

3) zkSync and HyperChain: HyperChain is the vision of zkSync for L3, envisioned as an extensive ecosystem of trustless and customizable linked blockchains. In simple terms, HyperChain refers to an independent ZK chain on Ethereum that is interconnected through customizable and fully trustless hyper-bridges, which helps overcome vulnerabilities associated with non-native bridging.

4) StarkWare and Fractal Scaling: In theory, a system can have an infinite number of SuperChains to represent its entirety, which is what StarkWare, as a pioneer of Fractal Scaling, needs to do. However, apart from the initial paper, StarkWare has not made any further statements.

5) Polygon 2.0: Polygon 2.0 was announced with the vision of creating an “Internet of Value” layer, aiming to enhance interoperability between Polygon zkEVM, PoS, and Supernets through a series of upgrades. By combining zero-knowledge technology with their existing PoS mechanism, Polygon seeks to strengthen security and privacy. A recent announcement by the Polygon team shows that they plan to transition Polygon PoS to zkEVM verification by the end of Q1 2024.

Reference: https://twitter.com/stacy_muur/status/1674091705300312066